Abstract Czech Background

Czech 101

Useful Words and Phrases in Czech
Friends Talking at a Table

Useful Words and Phrases in Czech

Immersing yourself in a conversation with the locals is a great way to experience the country! Most Czechs realise their mother tongue is a bit tricky for English speakers or foreigners in general, and, thus, they appreciate when some stranger dares to speak Czech with them. Do not worry – you won’t be looked down upon, even when making mistakes.

This list contains some of the most common terms and phrases in the Czech language that may come in handy during your travels. The pronunciation is in the form of an approximate phonetic transcription. Suggestion: try to master your Czech pronunciation by using the slightly atypical “tapped” R sound instead of the “standard” R. Your Czech will sound much more authentic!

The Czech language still uses the T-V distinction. In the Czech society, it’s seen as polite and respectful to prefer the V form (i.e. the second-person plural) when talking to strangers. Hence, we’ve chosen to use the V in this Czech language guide.

  • Czech
    pronunciation
    English
  • Basics
  • Ano.
    ah·noh
    Yes
  • Ne.
    neh
    No.
  • Dobrý den.
    dob·reeh den
    Hello./Good day.
  • Dobré ráno.
    dob·reah raa·noh
    Good morning.
  • Dobrý večer.
    dob·reeh vetch·er
    Good evening.
  • Dobrou noc.
    dob·rou nots
    Good night.
  • Na shledanou.
    nah skhleh·da-nough
    Good bye.
  • Těší mě.
    tesh·ee m’nyeh
    Nice to meet you.
  • Jak se máte?
    yak seh mah·teh
    How are you?
  • Jak se jmenujete?
    yak seh me·nu·yea·teh
    What’s your name?
  • Já jsem…
    yaa sem
    I am…
  • Mám se dobře.
    maam seh dob·reh
    I’m fine.
  • Prosím.
    pros·yiim
    Please.
  • Děkuji.
    dek·hoo·yi
    Thank you.
  • Není zač.
    neh·nee zatsch
    You’re welcome.
  • Promiňte.
    pro·minh·teh
    I’m sorry.
  • Dovolte.
    doh·voll·teh
    Excuse me.
  • Mluvíte anglicky?
    m’loo·vee·teh an·glit·ski
    Do you speak English?
  • (Ne) rozumím.
    (neh) roz·hu-meem
    I (don’t) understand.
  •  
  • Times and numbers
  • Kolik je hodin?
    koh·lik yeh ho·din
    What’s the time?
  • 9 hodin ráno
    dev·yet ho·din raah·no
    9 in the morning / 9 AM
  • 9 hodin večer
    dev·yet ho·din vetsh·er
    9 in the evening / 9 PM
  • 21 hodin
    d’vaahtset yed·nah ho·din
    9 PM
  • dnes
    d’nehs
    today
  • včera
    f’che·ra
    yesterday
  • zítra
    zee·trah
    tommorow
  • ráno
    raah·no
    morning
  • dopoledne
    doh·poh·led·neh
    morning, forenoon
  • poledne
    poh·led·neh
    noon
  • odpoledne
    o’d·poh·led·neh
    afternoon
  • večer
    vetsh·er
    evening
  • noc
    nots
    night
  • 1
    yed·nah
    one
  • 2
    d’vyeh
    two
  • 3
    trih
    three
  • 4
    sh’ti·ri
    four
  • 5
    p’yet
    five
  • 6
    shehs’t
    six
  • 7
    seh·doom
    seven
  • 8
    o’soom
    eight
  • 9
    dev·yet
    nine
  • 10
    dehset
    ten
  • 11
    yede·nast
    eleven
  • 12
    d’vaah·nast
    twelve
  • 20
    d’vaaht·set
    twenty
  • 50
    pad·eh·saat
    fifty
  • 100
    stoh
    one hundred
  • 1000
    ti·seets
    one thousand
  • Directions
  • Kde je…
    kh’deh·yeh
    Where’s…
  • toaleta
    toa·lehta
    toilet
  • směnárna
    sm’nyeh·naar·nah
    exchange office
  • banka
    ban·kah
    bank
  • hotel
    ho·tehl
    hotel
  • restaurace
    res·tau·rats·eh
    restaurant
  • zastávka
    zas·taa’v·kha
    (bus/train etc.) stop
  • nádraží
    naad·razh·ee
    station
  • vlakové
    v’lak·oh·vea
    train station
  • autobusové
    au·toh·buus·oh·vea
    bus station
  • nástupiště
    nas·tu·pish·teh
    platform
  • pošta
    posh·tah
    post office
  • nemocnice
    neh·mots·nit·seh
    hospital
  • lékárna
    leh·kaar·nah
    pharmacy, drugstore
  • policie
    p’oh·litsy·ea
    police, police station
  • letiště
    let·ish·teh
    airport
  • Ukážete mi to na mapě?
    uh’kaa·zheh·teh mi toh nah mapyeh
    Can you show it on a map?
  • Jaká je adresa?
    ya·kaah yeh ad·reh·sah
    What’s the address?
  • Kudy (mám jít)?
    kuudih maam yiit
    Which way (shall I go)?
  • doleva
    doh·levah
    left
  • doprava
    dop·ravah
    right
  • rovně
    roh·v’nyeh
    straight
  • Transportation
  • Jedu do…
    yeh·du doh
    I’m travelling to…
  • Kdy to dorazí?
    kh’dih toh doh·ras·ee
    When will it arrive?
  • Kdy je odjezd?
    kh’dih yea od·yest
    When does it depart?
  • Tady vystupuji.
    tad·e vis·tu·pu·yi
    I’m leaving here.
  • auto
    au·toh
    car
  • autobus
    au·toh·buus
    bus, coach
  • vlak
    v’lak
    train
  • letadlo
    leh·tad·loh
    airplane
  • taxi
    taxi
    taxi
  • tramvaj
    tram·vai
    tram
  • metro
    met·row
    subway, metro
  • loď
    lod
    boat, ship
  • In a restaurant
  • Stůl pro (pět), please.
    stool pro (p’yet) pros·yiim
    Table for (five), please.
  • Menu, prosím.
    me·nu pros·yiim
    Menu, please.
  • Máte…
    maah·teh
    Do you have…
  • Dám si…
    dahm si
    I’ll have…
  • vodu
    voh·do
    water
  • pivo
    pe·vo
    beer
  • víno
    ve·no
    wine
  • kávu
    kaah·vu
    coffee
  • snídaně
    snee·danye
    breakfast
  • oběd
    ob·yet
    lunch
  • večeře
    vehche·reh
    supper
  • (Dvě) piva, prosím!
    (d’vyeh) pe·vaah pros·yiim
    Two beers, please!
  • Na zdraví!
    naah sdravii
    Cheers!
  • Ještě jedno!
    yesh·teh yed·noh
    One more!
  • Účet, prosím.
    oo·chet pros·yiim
    The bill, please.
  • Shopping
  • Chci koupit…
    k’tsi kou·pit
    I want to buy…
  • Jen se dívám.
    yen seh deev·am
    I’m just looking.
  • Kolik to stojí?
    koh·lik toh sto·yi
    How much does it cost?
  • To je moc drahé.
    Toh yea mots d’raa·heh
    That’s too expensive.
  • Kdy zavíráte?
    k’dih zavy·raat·eh
    When do you close?
  • Accommodation
  • Máte volné pokoje?
    maah·teh vol·neh po·koi·eh
    Do you have free rooms?
  • Pokoj pro…
    po·koi pro
    A room for…
  • jednoho
    yed·nou·ho
    one person, a single room
  • dva
    d’vaah
    two people, a double room
  • tři, čtyři…
    trih, sh’ti·ri
    three, four people…
  • Kolik stojí jedna noc?
    koh·lik sto·yi yed·nah nots
    How much for one night?
  • In need
  • Pomoc!
    p’oh·mots
    Help!
  • Zavolejte…
    zaah·vo·ley·teh
    Call…
  • policii
    p’oh·litsy·yi
    the police
  • doktora
    dok·toh·ra
    the doctor
  • ambulanci
    am·bulant·si
    the ambulance
  • hasiče
    hah·si·cheh
    the fire brigade
  • Můžete mi pomoci?
    moo·sheh·teh m’ih p’oh·motsi
    Can you help me?
  • Okradli mě.
    o’krad·li m’nye
    I’ve been robbed.
  • Ztratil jsem se. (m)*/
    stra·till yi·sem seh/
    I’m lost.
  • Ztratila jsem se. (f)
    stra·ti·lah yi·sem seh
     
  • Jsem nemocný (m)/
    yi·sem neh·mots·neeh/
    I’m ill.
  • nemocná (f)
    neh·mots·naa
     
  • * (m) – masculine, (f) – feminine
     
  • And, last but not least
  • Miluji Česko!
    meeh·lu·yi Chess·ko
    I love Czechia!
  • Bylo tu krásně!
    be·lo to craas·nyeh
    It’s been amazing here!
  • Brzy se vrátím!
    brr·zi seh v’raa·tiim
    I’ll be back soon!

Czechia » Things to Know » Czech 101