Házmburk is the name of a ruined medieval castle and the hill on top of which it is situated. Thanks to its elevated location and the relatively flat surroundings, the ruins are visible from far away. Their easily recognizable silhouette was an inspiration for artists during the Romantic period. Házmburk is located near the village of Klapý in the Ústí nad Labem Region. The nearest town is Libochovice, about 3.5 km (2.17 mi) southeast of the ruins.
The castle was built by the noble Lichtenburk family in the 13th century. Its original name was Klapý, as the nearby village. In the early 14th century, the king John of Bohemia (Jan Lucemburský) acquired the castle from the Lichtenburks. In 1335, he sold it to the nobleman Zbyněk Zajíc.
The name Zajíc is translated into German as Hase, which means “hare” in English. The German name of the castle – Hasenburg – is derived from that family name and can be understood as: “the castle of the Hase family”. The Czech version “Házmburk” is a phonetic adaptation of the German name. Some sources spell it as “Hazmburk”. However, in the official presentation of the castle, a long “á” is used and this spelling is used in this article.
At the end of the 16th century, the Zajíc family abandoned the castle and it has become dilapidated over the centuries. In its prime, the castle was 170 m (558 ft) long and 30 m (98 ft) wide. At the beginning of the 20th century, the castle was already a ruin. Two towers have been preserved. The lower one is round and 25 m (82 ft) tall. It is called the Black Tower (Černá věž). The upper tower with battlements is called the White Tower (Bílá věž).
There is a lookout in the White Tower. However, it was closed to the public in September 2017 for technical reasons. At the time of writing, it was unknown when it would re-open.
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